What are the Sustainable Development Goals:
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 ambitious, trans-formative and universal Goals with a total of 169 targets that will guide national and local development up to 2030. The SDGs were adopted in 2015 by the United Nations when Uganda held the Presidency of the UN General Assembly. The SDGs are the follower of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The SDGs aim to eradicate poverty through a focus on partnerships, people, planet, prosperity and peace.
The SDGs are different from all other international development frameworks. They are more ambitious, they are universal, they are holistic and they are inclusive:
- Ambitious: with 17 Goals, 169 targets and more than 230 indicators, the SDGs are the most ambitious development framework in the world to date.
- Universal: Unlike the MDGs the SDGs are universally applicable and will be implemented by developing as well as developed countries all over the world
- Holistic: The Goals are interconnected and indivisible, and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: Economic, Social and Environmental. This means that to eradicate poverty there must be economic growth, social protection and environmental sustainability.
- Inclusive: The SDGs are for all of us. The Goals can only be achieved through partnerships, Government as well as all other stakeholders in Uganda have a shared responsibility of ensuring that no one is left behind by 2030.
The SDGs have been translated into 10 Ugandan languages and can be found here.
Implementing the SDGs in Uganda
In Uganda, the Agenda 2030 is implemented through the Comprehensive National Development Planning Framework (CNDPF), hereunder the Vision 2040 and National Development Plan II (NDPII).
The preparation of the NDPII coincided with the inter-governmental negotiations on the 2030 Agenda in 2015. The Government of Uganda (GoU) used this opportunity to integrate the then SDGs framework into the Plan. This resulted in a 69% alignment between the NDPII and the SDGs at strategic level.
The SDGs are expected to be fully domesticated through sector and local government planning, budgeting and project implementation.
The implementation of the SDGs is coordinated through the 5-tier SDG Coordination Framework. The Framework is coordinated by the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and spells out clear mandates for lead agencies anchored within existing national coordination structures.
The Coordination Framework is operationalized through a costed multi-year National SDG Roadmap. The Roadmap provides a list of priority actions to create an enabling environment to deliver on the SDGs at national, sector and local level.
The Roadmap will be implemented during the NDPII period (2015/16-2019/20) and consists of five thematic areas, structured in accordance with the TWGs under the Coordination Framework. The areas are: i) coordination, M&E and reporting; ii) planning; iii) financing and resource mobilisation; iv) data; and v) advocacy and communication.
Monitoring and reporting on SDGs
The SDGs in Uganda are monitored as part of the National Policy on Public Sector Monitoring and Evaluation (2013) and through the Results and Reporting Framework (RRF) for the NDPII, and the National Standard Indicator Framework (NSI). There are ongoing processes to align the SDGs to the RRF and NSI.
Reporting on SDGs is integral part of national reporting, hereunder the Government Annual Performance Report (GAPR) produced by the OPM. Furthermore, the SDGs are aligned to sector and local level reporting. In addition to this a separate yearly National SDG Report is produced to Cabinet and Parliament under the SDG Coordination Framework.
SDG Data Production
Information needs and data production for monitoring Agenda 2030 is delivered through the second National Strategy for Statistical Development and the second Plan for National Statistical Development (NSSD II – PNSD II). SDG data needs are integrated into the survey and census framework and is also be delivered on through upcoming non-conventional data sources, including big-data and geospatial technologies and information from private actors and civil society.
Financing the SDGs
Financing and resource mobilisation for the implementation of the Agenda 2030 is enshrined in the NDPII Fiscal Strategy. The Strategy emphasizes domestic revenue financing for sustainable growth. Furthermore, resources for implementation of the SDGs is mobilised through South-South cooperation, outreach to the private sector and emerging development partners.